Monday, December 11 2023

Aluminum has widely been regarded as not only a sturdy metal but its light weight has also made it a very important metal in several industries. The metal is actually all around us. The desktop or the laptop that you might be reading this on also has aluminum in them. Even most of the smartphones have parts or compartments that are built with aluminum. It is also used in baking and keeping the food fresh through aluminum foil because that is a great insulator of heat and doesn’t spoil the food when it is in the natural environment. Soda and beer cans also use aluminum in major quantity. So a metal with uses as many as aluminum’s it is always going to be evident that many countries would try to mine for it.
Following are the top 10 countries that produce the most aluminum.

aluminium industry


With 800,000 metric tonnes of aluminum produced by the small Island nation in 2016, Iceland joins the list of top aluminum producers. It overthrows Brazil whose production fell from 1.54 million tonnes to 790,000 tonnes.


After seeing a peek production of aluminum in 2012, the mining for metal in the country has proven to be trickier. That is why USA has fallen behind Australia in that regard with 1.58 million ton of aluminum production in the previous year. Still, even with that much production the aluminum needs of US, a country with a powerful car manufacturing scene as well as other aluminum based products, are not satisfied in the least. That is why USA has now started importing more aluminum from other countries as the mining ventures move out of the country one by one.

aluminium produced by different countries


Unlike Brazil, Bahrain has kept improving its aluminum production quite steadily over the past few years. The financial sector of the small country is very strong while private companies have had quite a hospitable mining venture in the country for the past few years. Bahrain produced 970,000 tons of aluminum in 2016.


In the past decade, Norway has taken over Iceland as the largest producer of aluminum in Europe. The country produced 1.23 million tonnes of aluminum in 2016. Even though Norway has quite a mixed GDP, aluminum and other metal exports make a large chunk of its total revenue.


Like USA, the production of aluminum in Australia also started falling come the year 2012 but its decline in production has been more subtle than that of USA’s. Australia produced 1.68 million tonnes of aluminum in 2016 and the decline is attributed to mining operations shutting down in West Australia.

top countries with aluminium production


UAE beat India in terms of aluminum production for two consecutive years in 2014 and 2015. Its production remained 2.4 million tonnes for the year 2016 while India’s increased that year. It is still a major player in world’s aluminum needs and even though the state has a lot of infrastructure and automobiles, UAE’s need for the metal is still small enough for healthy export revenue.


India has been neck and neck with UAE for aluminum production for the past several years and after two years of lagging behind it is finally in front with 2.7 million tonnes production in 2016. With the current trend of aluminum production and other countries decreasing their production, India is poised to climb the ladder up to the second position in coming years.

top ten countries with aluminium production


Canada has a great mining operation and it increased its aluminum production in 2016 to 3.2 million tonnes. With such a small population compared to its neighbors, Canada has become chief supplier of aluminum to the USA.


The aluminum production in Russia was mostly overseen by two companies; RUSAL and SAUL. After their merger in 2012/13 the aluminum production in Russia declined for three consecutive years. It has since then increased its production for the year 2015 and 2016 while the last year saw 3.6 million tonnes of aluminum produced in the country.


Countries with most Aluminum Production

Top Countries with most Aluminum Production

Rank Country/Region Aluminum production
(Metric Tons 2016-2017)
 World 44,100
1 People’s Republic of China 31,000
2 Russia 3,500
3 Canada 3,250
4 India 2,750
5 United Arab Emirates 2,400
6 Australia 1,680
7 Norway 1,230
8 Bahrain 970
9  USA 840
10 Iceland 800
11  South Africa 690
12  Qatar 640
13  Mozambique 560
14  Iran 460
16  Germany 450
15  Argentina 400
14  Venezuela 560
17  Tajikistan 359
18  Oman 351
19  France 345
20  Netherlands 300
21  New Zealand 350
22  Egypt 265
23  United Kingdom 253
24  Indonesia 250
26  Romania 229
27  Italy 180
28  Greece 160
29  Slovakia 150
30  Kazakhstan 127
31  Bosnia and Herzegovina 96
32 Slovenia 85
33  Cameroon 73
34=  Spain 70
34=  Sweden 70
36  Turkey 65
37  Montenegro 64
38  Ukraine 50
39  Poland 47
40  Azerbaijan 30
41  Nigeria 13
42  Qatar 10
43  Japan 7


When it comes to aluminum production, China has left other countries in the dust. Their production of aluminum has gone from 16 MT in 2010 to a whopping 31 MT in 2016. With the biggest aluminum production company in the world, Chalco, working in the country China’s production is poised to remain this way for years to come.


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