Saturday, December 2 2023

Fitting to its name, greenhouse emissions has been a hot topic in the eyes of the world, especially since the advent of the 21st century. Now you have to understand what how these gases affect the Earth and its current climate. Greenhouse emissions are basically types of gases that are produced by human activities. These activities are divided into six sectors.

countries suffering greenhouse problems

  • Electricity
  • Agriculture
  • Commercial
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Residential

Out of all of these activities Electricity is actually the largest contributor to the greenhouse gases with 30% stake. Combine that with industrial and transportation emissions, we have 80% of the world’s total greenhouse gases emitted by human activities. Then we have agricultural emissions that are 9%, residential emissions are 7% while commercial emissions clock out at around 4%.
The major greenhouse gases are Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (Ch4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and all the Fluorinated gases. The role of the greenhouse gases is quite simple. These gases are responsible for trapping the heat that sun provides us during the day within the Earth’s stratosphere. The result is that our planet becomes warmer ever so slightly every year; thus the term global warming. So, basically greenhouse gases are the cause and global warming is the effect.
Let’s see the top 5 countries that produce the most greenhouse gases. These are significant because they alone emit 60% of these total gases in the world.

greenhouse effects

Greenhouse Gas Emissions By Country (Percentage)


Even though CO2 is the largest contributor to global warming, the other gases mentioned also play a big role towards that. Japan has finally started to take greenhouse emission seriously like many other countries. That is the reason why their CO2 emission has gone from 1.4 billion tons to 1.23 billion tons. The reason for that is that Japan has started to introduce carbon tax based on fossil fuel emissions.


Russia’s CO2 emission has also taken a significant dive in the past three years. In 2013, Russia produced 2 billion tonnes of CO2 while the year 2016 brought a reduction in CO2 emissions to 1.8 billion ton. Compared to the size of the country, Russia has never been a subject to mandatory cut in these emissions from the United Nations.

greenhouse gasses rising from different countries


In 2010, India proposed a 25% cut to its greenhouse emission of gases voluntarily. That year India produced 2.6 billion tonnes of CO2 alone. The industrial and commercial sectors have now opted towards solar power alternates which have contributed to that reduction. Now India emitted 2.3 billion ton of greenhouse gases in the year 2016.


The CO2 emission of United States has gone down at a faster pace than any other country in the past five years. The figures have gone down from 7 million ton to 5.8 million ton. However the growth in other emissions has actually steadily grown because of which USA’s still has a lion’s share when it comes to greenhouse emissions. Another worrying aspect is that unlike other nations in this list, USA has never entered a treaty that introduces mandatory cuts to its greenhouse emissions.

different countries emitting greenhouse gasses


An Industrial country like USA and the population that exceeds India’s; with precedence like that China was always going to be the leading emitter of greenhouse gases. Still, the troubling thing is that USA and China have roughly the same amount surface area but China’s emission levels far exceed USA’s because of the population. Because of this Asia has experienced a rather drastic climate change as compared to other continents. The total CO2 emission here is 11 billion ton.

greenhouse gasses emitting from different countries of the world

List of Top 10 Countries by Gas Emission in the Air

Rank Country Annul Co2 Emission
(Thousands of Tonnes)
Percentage of
World’s Emission
1. China 7,031,916 23.5%
2. United States 5,461,014 18.27%
3. European Union 4,177,817 13.98%
4. India 1,742,698 5.83%
5. Russia 1,708,653 5.72%
6. Japan 1,208,163 4.04%
7. Germany 786,660 2.63%
8. Canada 544,091 1.82%
9. Iran 538,404 1.8%
10. United Kingdom 522,856 1.75%

Q: Which country emits most Green house gases in the environment?

Ans : Presently China is the country having the largest number of industries and factories around the world, and it produces thousands of tonnes CO2 gas in the air which is  harmful gas.

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Sajjad Ali

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