Saying that a country is a failed state is not just a statement about declaring a nation or a sovereign state as unstable. There are several indicators and methodologies applied by the concerned organizations in order to rank countries based on their sustainability, stability, warning or unstableness. The very first Failed State Index (FSI) was provided by a joint venture of the United States Think Tank and the Fund for Peace organization. The report was published for the first time in 2005 by Foreign Policy magazine and since then FSI report has been an annual occurrence, much like other indexes for environment, pollution, green policies etc. Till 2014, the index was known as Failed States Index which has now been rebranded as Fragile States Index and a few differences in the methodology of categorizing the country.
Main Failure Indicators of a Nation
The system works by identifying 12 key indicators that pertain to the stability of a country. Each indicator is then given a score between 0 and 10; with 0 being the lowest intensity which means most stable and the score of 10 meaning the most unstable. So the country that is least stable can get a score of up to 120.
There are three main categories of Indicators.
1. Social Indicators
- Demographic Pressure is an indicator of population density that can affect the food supply, resources, disease and population control as well as other environmental hazards.
- IDPs mean the refugees and population displacement both internally and people leaving the country.
- Group Grievance is an indicator that follows tension and potential of violence between groups.
- Human Flight and Brain Drain pertains to the educated population that often leaves the country or a region following a conflict.
2. Economic Indicators
- Uneven Economic Development is a group based inequality where there is existence of slums and some selected parts of the country, state or a city that get economic development.
- Poverty and Economic Decline means the economic decline of a state as a whole with inflation rates climbing and GNI remaining the same.
3. Political Indicators
- State Legitimacy covers the confidence of citizens in the dealings of state’s governing body.
- Public Service measures public services like healthcare, education, transport, law and order, sanitation and infrastructure and its lack thereof.
- Human Rights violation or uneven protection of right between the wealthy and the poor.
- Security Apparatus measures internal conflict, rebel activities and government sponsored militias.
- Factionalized Elites shows factions in the elites of the society and power struggle that undermines the public confidence.
- External Interventions are the level of assistance from UN bodies or other states.
There are few countries or states like Taiwan, Northern Cyprus, Kosovo and Palestinian Territories that are not assessed, they receive a grey color. A score of 0 – 29 receives a blue color and a distinction of being a sustainable state. Scores between 30 and 59.9 show green color and a stable bracket. Countries with score 60 to 89.9 are deemed warning state and a color between yellow and orange depending on their placement in the bracket. The countries with scores between 90 and 120 are on alert with 90 – 99.9 being on alert, 100 – 109.9 being on high alert, and scores of 110 – 120 designated as very high alert for the states.
List of Top 10 Fragile States / Countries in the World
Note: The figures are rounded off and also subject to change
|Rank||Country||Failed State Index
|3.||Central African Republic||112.6|
|7.||Democratic Republic of the Congo||110.0|
Q : Which is the most Fragile country in the world ?