So Here is, All You Need to figure About the Word “Desert”
World’s Largest Deserts
It’s a surprising fact that two of the world’s ten largest deserts just not two rather #1 & #2 are the cold deserts of the polar region i.e. Antarctic & Arctic stretching over the area of 5.5 million & 5.4 million square miles respectively are ranked #1 & #2 in the lists. They can be justifiably the cold hells on the planet.
Area: 14,000,000 sq.km/ nearly 5.5 million sq m Population: The desert was firstly manifested in 1820 following the Russian expedition. Antarctic is covering the whole south pole of the southernmost Antarctica. It represents the southern Hemisphere. Averaging 1.9 km thickness of 98% of the ice regime, Antarctica proves to be the ultimate great cold desert. −89 °C – just to have an idea of what it is!Arctic desert
This time the northern one, the northernmost arctic was explored for the first time in 1937 by the Russia (Soviet that time). Arctic covers the geographical boundaries of 8 Arctic nations including USA, Russia, Sweden, Norway, Canada, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland all being the member of Arctic council. In the crouching heat of July in summers this desert has a temperature below than 10 C. You can understand better the rest.
|It’s quite obvious to understand the Antarctic & Arctic as world’s largest deserts but at the same time a bit confusing when discuss the non-polar deserts. Non- they include the sub-tropical, cold winter & cool coastal deserts. The answer to this confusion is that these 5 deserts are stretched amid poles over the different continents and are partially inhabited by humans, plants & animals.
TOP 5 List
1. Sahara desert
Area: 9,400,000 sq.km
Population: 2.5 million people
Population density: o.4/sq. km or less than 1 person per sq mi.
Sahara is the largest non-polar desert and the hottest of the sub-tropical deserts in the world. The desert can be estimated nearly as large as USA or China. Sahara covers most of the north-Africa under its belt by bordering with Red Sea, touching Mediterranean coasts to Atlantic shelves. Western Sahara, Morocco, Libya, Algeria, Sudan, Niger, Egypt are some of the countries stretched over or along Sahara at different geographical locations.
More than 25% of the sand dunes make it one of the least inhabited & least densely populated on the planet i.e. less than 1 person per sq. mi. The temperature averaging 45°C in summers and as high as 54°C in extreme values is evident itself.
Area: 2,330,000 sq.km
The Arabian-Desert is a west-Asian landscape on the planet. The desert covers the vast wild lands of U.A.E, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Jordan, Qatar, & Yemen. The desert is simply covered with the vast dunes & piles of sand with the temperatures creeping over 50°C in summers. The deserted land is full of natural resources with its own Eco-systems.
Area: 1,295,000 sq.km
Gobi is the deserted landscape present in Asia. The northern & northwestern China & Southern Mongolia is covered under its dunes. The temperatures of Gobi drastically change in Northern & Southern parts of China & Mongolia in summers & winters ranging from +50 °C to -40 °C respectively.
Area: 670,000 sq.km
The desert is mainly located in Argentina with secondary existence in Chile & is confined by the Andes to west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to East in Patagonia region of southern Argentina. Patagonia is the cold desert averaging the 3 °C temperature on scale. The temperature rarely creeps the 12 °C.
5.Great Victoria Desert
Area: 348,750 sq.km
The Great Victoria is the largest desert in Australia & seventh largest in the world by area. The desert ranges from west to south of Australia. The temperatures are nearly moderate ranging from 32°C-40°C in summers and 18°C-40°C in winters. Habitation is healthy and increasing because of the moderate & acceptable climatic conditions.
|Rank||Name||Location||Total Area (Sq. KM)|
|1.||Sahara||Chad,Eritrea,Algeria,Mali,Niger,Mauritania,Egypt,Tunisia,Western Sahara,Libya,Sudan, and Morocco.||9,100,000+|
|2.||Arabian||Qatar,United Arab Emirates,Yemen,Oman,Iraq,Saudi Arabia,Jordan and Kuwait||2,330,000|
|3.||Gobi||Mongolia and China||1,300,000|
|4.||Kalahari||Botswana,South Africa,Namibia and Angola||900,000|
|5.||Patagonian||Chile and Argentina||670,000|
Q:Which is the longest desert in the world and where it is located?
Sahara is most largest desert in the world occupying total Area of 9,400,000 sq.km and its located near the northern portion of Africa.